although和though的区别

来源:纯白色的黑ゝ  更新 :2022.12.03

although和though的区别

1although较正式,语气强;though较常用。现代英语中两者可随意换用。如:Thoughhewastired,hewentonworking.=Althoughhewastired,hewentonworking.2.although和though引导的从句放在主句前后均可,有时还可放在句中。如:HeoftenhelpsmewithmyEnglish(al)thoughheisquitebusy.尽管他相当忙,但是还常常帮我学英语。Althoughmanydifficultiesarestillahead,wearedeterminedtomakegreaterachievements.尽管在前面的道路上还有许多困难,但是,我们决心要取得更大的成就。3.although/though引导的从句不能与but/however连用,但可与yet/still连用。不能说:Thoughhewasold,butheworkedhard.应把but去掉。当然,保留but而去Though也可。4.though有时指假设的情况,不指事实,从句用虚拟语气;although不能这样用。如:Einsteincaredlittleformoney,thoughhecouldhavebeenveryrich.尽管爱因斯坦本可以成为非常富有的人,但他对金钱却不感兴趣。(though引导的情况是假设的而不是事实)Hewillneverdosuchathingthoughhe(should)beforcedto.即使强迫他,他也决不会干这样的事。(注意:不能用is)5.though引导的从句,可用倒装语序,即把从句中的表语或状语放到though之前;although却不能这样用。如:Youngthoughsheis,yetsheisfitforthejob.(=Youngassheis,yetsheisfitforthejob.)尽管她很年轻,可她还是胜任这项工作的。6.though从句的主谓语若是系表结构时,可以省略从句主语和be动词。如:Thoughalone,heishappy.虽然他独自一人,却很幸福。注意:Thoughlovinghim,Icannothelphim.是错句。因为从句不是be构成的系表结构作谓语。应改为:ThoughIlovehim,Icannothelphim.或Thoughfondofhim,Icannothelphim.7.though还可与别的词结合使用,如eventhough,asthough等;although则无这种搭配功能。如:I'llgoandhelpthemeventhoughIstopmywork.即使我停下自己的活不干,我也要去帮助他们。8.though还可作并列连词,相当于andyet(然而,可是),它引导的分句常对另一分句起补充说明作用;although则无这种用法。如:Iwouldn'tliketogototheevening,thoughtheywillinvitemeto.我不想去参加晚会,可是他们要请我去。Theynowcandomostofthethingspeoplecando,thoughmostscientistsagreethatcomputerscannotcompletelytaketheplaceofhumans.人们能做的大部分工作,计算机现在都能做,然而大多数科学家认为,计算机并不能完全代替人类。9.though可用作副词,放在词尾。although却不可这样用。如:Hesaidhewouldcome,hedidn't,though.他说要来却没来。

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